Saturday, January 26, 2019
Management Is An Art Or Science Essay
The concept of exercisement is universal and very old. That is wherefore antithetical views have been expressed about its nature by divers(prenominal) writers from quantify to time. According to my private opinion caution has element of both fraud and wisdom.Management as an inventionArt refers to the look of doing specific things it indicates how an design drop be strived. Art is a combination of make and skills. Art keeps changing and basically is the application of theoretical principles by science to recover excellent results. Management at times is described as an ar twainrk that how managerial principles poop be applied in real founding situations, it consists of the following aspects Practical knowledge Managers do have practical knowledge of the domain, also they know how to apply it. they know the pros and cons of any act as they know that only knowledge is not enough, but unrivaled should know how to apply it as well. Personal Skills Peculiar abilities which you own are not held by every other person. E.g. Painters paint the similar things in a different manner. It varies from person to person.Some may paint it effectively objet d cunning others may not catch attention. Similarly every manager has personal skills as well while applying managerial principles, on the basis of his experience which might fetch better results or fail. Creativity The act if making something in a efficient way and a different manner, and apply it in such a way to manage, is creativeness. it is based in creativity and intelligence of a person. Vision is definite and based on the facts, it is ones destiny.Management is also a collection of mankind and non human imaginations by using them in a different manner to achieve desired objectives. Practice Practice makes man perfect. No one is born(p) a true maneuverist. in the same way, no one learns to manage right out of the womb. they furnish their skills over the time through practice. purpose oriente d Managerial activities are always goal based, directed towards feat of results. for this very purpose, various resources human and non human resources are blended so the ability of managers of using available resources brings it near to arts.Management as scholarshipManagement as a Science Science may be described as a systematized body of knowledge based on proper findings and exact principles and is capable of verificationScience is extraordinary. With the aid of science, we dissolve visualize matter across 37 orders of magnitude, from the largest galactic cluster to the smallest cognize particle . When science is done correctly, it can advise us in all of our day-to-day decisions and actions. Science is a method of doing things. It is the organized, systematic initiative that gathers knowledge about the world and condenses the knowledge into testable laws and principles. The origin of a advanced science of commission can be traced to the work of Frederick Taylor (1911) an d Luther Gulick (1937). The science of management and administration has become a principal component of management scheme and practice in the recent year.Management known as a science because it focuses on the following Principles management comprises of universally accepted principles, that is why a many believe that it is a science. E.g. rewarding and employee for good performance. experimentation and observation First, managers observe some new techniques then employ them in business to check results, so they can eventually be follow or avoided. Cause and effect relation Science is based on cause and effect relationship as it is always based on finding relationships between the variables. E.g. heating a metal. Satisfactory performance of employees in any organization is a result of a positive works condition and the two variables are performance and working conditions.Test of inclemency and predictability Validity means soundness. in science soundness of the scientific princi ples can be verified at any given time and they interpret similar results every time and in near future apparent events can be predicted by using such principles. In management the validity of principles can be established by applying them in different solutions and matching the outcome with the original result. For example, one of the principles in Management is sensation of command. if it is tested in a situation where an employee has to work under two bosses and in situation where employee has to perform under 1 boss, their performance depart be different from each other.Conclusion- Management is an Art and Science twoSo, I conclude that management is an art and science both. Management is the art and science of preparing, organizing and directing human efforts to control the forces and utilize the natural resource and time for the benefit of men. Thus, it has now been accepted that management is an art as well as science. It has the elements of both arts and science, bu t some masses look at management is indeed a science, because of the scientific principles and rules that exist and that can be applied for improving the productivity and efficiency of organizations, profit or nonprofit. This kind of approach is good but we have to keep in mind that solution to every problem is not specified or given by rules and principles, sometimes we have to go creative think out of the box.So management as an art comes into the picture. Art and science both foster new and creative ways to understand organizations and snuff it what we know about them. They both generate and employ metaphors of management that servicing us form our perceptions, assumptions, and new ideas about organizations. Both inspire our imagination. seek in the art and science of management will continue systematically to gather knowledge about the behavior of people in organizations and endeavour to present that knowledge in new and testable theories, concepts, and hypotheses. But fu ture look also must be pursued with enough flexibility to rent the emergence and investigation of entirely new knowledge about organizations and the way we manage them. In the words Management is a mixture of an art an science the present ratio is about 80% art and 20% science.